We have recently been working with teachers in schools in India. It is interesting how similar issues come up in terms of how Critical Thinking should be taught (including how it can be incorporated into very full timetables with lots of material needing to be taught.) In one of the schools (in Mussoorie, high up in the mountains), there was an interesting emphasis on physical education as well as intellectual education (with lots of cross-country running up and down the mountain-side). This fits well with the emphasis Socrates placed on the need for physical training as well as for what we now call Critical Thinking.
In a report published by McKinsey (‘Three keys to building a more skilled postpandemic workforce’, August 2021) critical thinking and decision-making were shown to be